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    Niederhorn - Gemmenalphorn - Seefeld

    Springtime / Hiking Trail Niederhorn - Seefeld  / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    Springtime / Hiking Trail Niederhorn - Seefeld

    Hohseilseelein / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    Niederhorn - Hohseilseelein

    Niederhorn / Crocuses / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    Crocuses / Niederhorn - Burgfeld

    Jackdaw / Foto: Fritz Bieri


    Ibexes / Foto: Fritz Bieri



    Junge Steingeiss / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    Steinbock / Foto: Fritz Bieri Blume im Felsspalt / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    Gentian / Foto: Fritz Bieri


    Anemones / Foto: Anna-Katharina Fotografieren / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    Anemones / Anna-Katharina

    Sieben Hengste / Seefeld Foto: Fritz Bieri

    Gemmenalphorn: View to Sieben Hengste / Seefeld


    Seefeld (telephoto) Foto: Fritz Bieri

    Seefeld (telephoto)

    Anemones / Foto: Anna-Katharina Primroses / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    Anemones and primroses

    Anna-Katharina / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    stopover / Foto: Fritz Bieri


    Seefeld / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    (Niederhorn - Gemmenalphorn - Sieben Hengste - Seefeld)


    Moortümpel / Foto: Fritz Bieri


    wayside / (Fritz Bieri)

    ... wayside ...

    The karstification Seefeld (Foto: Fritz Bieri)

    The karstification of a landscape / Niederhorn - Seefeld

    The karstification of a landscape may result in a variety of large or small scale features both on the surface and beneath. On exposed surfaces, small features may include flutes, runnels, clints and grikes, collectively called karren or lapiez. Medium-sized surface features may include sinkholes or cenotes (closed basins), vertical shafts, foibe (inverted funnel shaped sinkholes), disappearing streams, and reappearing springs. Large-scale features may include limestone pavements, poljes and blind valleys. Mature karst landscapes, where more bedrock has been removed than remains, may result in karst towers or haystack/eggbox landscapes. Beneath the surface, complex underground drainage systems (such as karst aquifers) and extensive caves and cavern systems may form.

    This mildly acidic water begins to dissolve the surface and any fractures or bedding planes in the limestone bedrock. Over time these fractures enlarge as the bedrock continues to dissolve. Openings in the rock increase in size, and an underground drainage system begins to develop, allowing more water to pass through and accelerating the formation of underground karst features.

    Somewhat less common than this limestone karst is gypsum karst, where the solubility of the mineral gypsum provides many similar structures to the dissolution and redeposition of calcium carbonate.

    Steinformen / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    Steinformen / Foto: Fritz Bieri


    Felsblock (Foto: Fritz Bieri)

    View to Seefeld, Gemmenalphorn, Niederhorn / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    Sieben Hengsten
    View to Seefeld, Gemmenalphorn, Burgfeldstand and Niederhorn

    View on the north (Emmental) / Foto: Fritz Bieri View on the north (Emmental) / Foto: Fritz Bieri

    View on the north (Emmental)

    Seefeld and Eiger, Mönch, Jungfrau (Foto: Fritz Bieri)

    Seefeld and Eiger, Mönch, Jungfrau

    Fritz Bieri and godchild Anna-Katharina (Foto: Fritz Bieri)

    Fritz Bieri and godchild Anna-Katharina Ramseier

    Enziane (Foto: Fritz Bieri)

    ... wonderful natur ...

    Pictures by Fritz Bieri and Anna-Katharina Ramseier


    Concept and pictures by Fritz Bieri and Heinz Rieder
      copyright © http://www.beatenbergbilder.ch

    Language translation: Barbara Stephenson-Berger
    Website and image editing: Heinz Rieder

    The photos speak for themselves